Ruy Lopez Opening

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5

Also called the "Spanish Game", the Ruy Lopez is one of the most popular openings in chess. White's 3.Bb5 move puts pressure on the knight which is guarding the center, while developing rapidly. The opening is named after the sixteenth-century Spanish priest Ruy Lopez de Segura.

Pros:

Leads to very complex and multifaceted play

Tends to give White long-term pressure

White develops rapidly and castles quickly

Cons:

Some lines are very theoretical

Black has a huge number of defenses to choose from

Sometimes Black gets a chance to later attack the light-squared bishop